Not Just the ACBL Story – But HISTORY

True accounts of events and people who shaped the ACBL

ACBL Bridge Beat #45: Pre-duplication

with one comment

Some players have complained about pre-duplicated hands since they first started appearing at national tournaments. The methods were fairly primitive in 1955.

Pre-duplication at that time was done by hand by a non-bridge player. It was said that the pre-duper did not know the difference between the ace of spades and an elephant’s ear. The method employed was to deal a hand with an old deck of cards, record it, shuffle the deck several times with a riffle shuffle and then deal the next hand one card at a time.

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Written by acbl

April 16, 2012 at 8:00 am

Posted in Uncategorized

One Response

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  1. Along with the enduring controversy—and the advantages of randomness—pre-duplicated and pre-dealt hands also offer universal (whether one accepts their randomness or not) virtues. To start: (1) There is no waiting for shuffling before round one. Play begins immediately. (2) Players whose hands present a challenge for shuffling and dealing need not explain why they shirk their shuffling duty. (3) If a board gets fouled, the director has the information to correct the situation. (4) Hand records become an easy addition for pairs who wish to improve their game by discussing a session’s hands. (5) For some extra effort, post mortem analyses of some interesting or difficult hands (again, for pairs who wish to study and improve their games) becomes a possible offering.

    James Brian Potter

    April 16, 2012 at 1:33 pm


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